A specimen of Cichla kelberi Kullander and Ferreira, 2006 was captured for the first time from Lake Kinneret (Sea of Galilee or Lake Tiberias), Israel. Its identification was made by morphological and molecular means. Although importation of this species to Israel is prohibited, commercial importers have smuggled juveniles as aquarium fish. The introduction vector of the specimen in Lake Kinneret is probably due to release or escape from the aquariums of hobbyists. © Golani et al.